Installation of Ubuntu 6.06 (steps 1 – 7)

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1) Decide first which distribution you want to install. The choices are Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server, Kubuntu and Edubuntu Desktops. All these share the same basic system but Ubuntu and Edubuntu har GNOME as default desktop while Kubuntu runs KDE desktop. There are also differences in the included software.

The desktop CD is so-called LiveCD which allows you to try Ubuntu without changing your computer at all. The desktop will present an icon that lets you install Ubuntu permanently on a hard drive.

Make your selection:

Download Ubuntu Desktop or Ubuntu Server CD from (6.06.1, the latest version) (6.06)

Download Kubuntu from

Or get Edubuntu distribution from

Xubuntu is for older, weak computers. Get it from

1) Bestem deg om du vil installere Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server, Kubuntu eller Edubuntu Desktop. Alle disse har samme basis men Ubuntu og Edubuntu har GNOME og Kubuntu har KDE desktop som default brukersystem. Også antall og sammensetning av programvare varierer.

Desktop CDn er sk. LiveCD som lar deg teste Ubuntu uten å gjøre endringer i din PC. Desktoppen har et ikon som lar deg installere Ubuntu permanent på en harddisk.

Gjør ditt valg:

Last ned Ubuntu Desktop eller Ubuntu Server CD fra (6.06.1, nyeste utgave)
Lokale norske speilsait
F.eks “ubuntu-6.06.1-desktop-i386.iso” gir vanlig 32bits desktop system.

Last ned Kubuntu fra
Du kan også laste ned Ubuntu og Kubuntu via

Eller last ned Edubuntu distribusjon fra

Xubuntu er ideel for eldre, svakere komputere.

2) Burn CD
You must burn the CD as a filesystem image on an empty 700MB CD.In Windows
Follow this guide to burn the CD get DeebBurner Free edition from
Start DeepBurner and select the “Burn ISO image” option to burn the CD.

For the best result burn at slow speed.

In Linux
GnomeBaker (in GNOME) and the amazing K3B burner (in KDE) has special menu selections for burning of iso images.

2) Brenn CD
Brenn CD som filsystem image på en tom 700MB CD.I Windows
Du kan følge denne guiden for å brenne CDn hent “DeebBurner Free” brennerprogramvare fra
Start DeepBurner og velg “Burn ISO image” for å brenne CDn.

Brenn med lav hastighet.

I Unix / Linux
GnomeBaker i GNOME og K3B brenner i KDE har spesielle menyvalg for brenning av iso-filer.

3) Check the CD
Make sure your PC can boot from a CD. You can change the boot-order in BIOS (pc setup). Recommended boot-order is CDrom -> Floppy drive -> Harddisk.Put in the CD, reboot your PC and select “Check CD for defects” option from the menu. See picture_1. This step takes a few minutes while it tests wheather the CD is free for errors. You should always perform this test for new Ubuntu CDs. Return to step 1) if the CD test reports errors.
3) Test CD
Sjekk om din PC kan starte (boote) fra en CD. Startrekkefølgen kan endres i BIOS (pc setup). Rekkefølgen bør være CDrom -> Floppy -> Harddisk.Put inn CDn og start din komputer og velg “Check CD for defects” fra menyen. Se bilde_1. Den vil kontrollere om CDn er leselig og fri for feil. Du bør alltid utføre denne sjekken for nye Ubuntu CDer. Returner til punkt 1) dersom testen rapporterer feil.
4) Start the installation
Now select the “Start or Install Ubuntu” option from the menu as shown in picture_2. It will load a fully functional Ubuntu Linux desktop. Nothing has been installed up to this stage – it all runs from the Live CD. You can now test-run Ubuntu on your PC before the final installation.Start permanent installation by clicking the “Install” icon on the desktop. See picture_3. The installation program will let you create and modify existing disk partitions.You must create at least these 2 partitions:

The main partition should be at least 10GB in size.
The mount point for this is “/” which denotes root filesystem.
Filesystem type can be ext3 or reiserfs.

Swap partition should be around 2 times the PCs physical memory and at least 256MB. Filesystem type should be swap. See picture_4.

More information about the partitioning in this guide…

4) Start installasjon
Velg “Start or Install Ubuntu” fra menyen slik vist i bilde_2. Den vil starte Ubuntu i LiveCD modus som lar deg teste Ubuntu i din maskin. Ingenting er blitt endret eller installert så langt.Start permanent installasjon ved å klikke på “Install” ikonet på desktoppen. Se bilde_3. Den lar deg også modifisere diskpartisjoner slik at du får ledig plass til Ubuntu.Du bør skape minst 2 partisjoner:

Hovedpartisjonen bør være minst 10GB stor.
Monteringspunktet skal være “/” (som betyr root-filsystem).
Filsystemet kan være av typen ext3 eller reiserfs.

Swap-partisjonen skal være ca. 2 ganger PCs fysiske minne og minimum 256MB. Filsystemet skal være av typen swap. Se bilde_4.

Du finner mer informasjon om partisjoneringen i denne guiden…

5) Finalization script
You have now re-booted and logged into your new (U)buntu desktop system.Finalizations script lets you create a functional and nearly perfect desktop. It can install all missing browser-plugins, multimedia codeces and adds support for Java and Flash. It can also install many useful applications such as p2p filesharing and Skype IP-phone.There are several finalization scripts for the Ubuntu-Linux, but my personal fav is Automatix…

Study also the manuals and guides below.

5) Finalization script
Du har nå startet opp maskinen og logget inn i ditt nye (U)buntu desktop system.Finalizations skript installerer manglende browser-plugins, multimedia kodeker samt ordner støtten for Java og Flash. Den kan også installere mange nyttige applikasjoner som p2p fildeling og Skype IP-telefoni.Det finnes flere slike skript men min personlige favoritt er Automatix…

Andre guider og manuler finner du her nedenfor.

6) Prepare repository file /etc/apt/sources.list.
Repositories… are archives where the software packages are downloaded from. Modify the repository definition file (/etc/apt/sources.list) as instructed in this guide…You can also add new package repositories… to your new Ubuntu system.Refresh the package list (package index) in your PC by running “sudo apt-get update” in a terminal window or press [Reload]-button in the Synaptic Package Manager. You will find the Synaptic Package Manager in the System -> Administration menu.
6) Modifiser /etc/apt/sources.list (repository definisjon).
Repository… eller pakkearkiv er en server der systemet henter programvare og systemfiler fra. Modifiser definisjonen til pakkearkivet (/etc/apt/sources.list) slik instruert i denne guiden…Du kan også legge til nye pakkekilder… (repositories) i ditt Ubuntu-system.Husk å oppdatere pakkelisten (indeksen) etter å ha modifisert /etc/apt/sources.list. Kjør “sudo apt-get update” i et terminalvindu eller trykk på [Reload]-knappen i Synaptic pakkemanager. Du finner Synaptic Package Manager’n i System -> Administration menyen.
7) Test browser-plugins and the most common file types.Start Firefox and check browser-plugins on… (see picture_5.)Plus take a Java test… (you should see a dancing Duke logo)

You can also type “about:plugins” in the Firefox’ address bar and it will report all detected plugins. See picture_6.

Perform a file compatibility test as well. Check if Ubuntu launches an appropriate application when you double-click a filename.… (the OGG Audio File is great !)

Moreover study the file samples in your home folder’s /Examples… directory.

And if you like, turn the volume on and take a peek to the future…

My final tip: If you let Automatix install “Media players” then you should have the beep-media-player. It’s a very good audio-player and you can find it in /usr/bin/beep-media-player.

7) Test både nettleser-plugins og de viktigste filtypeneStart Firefox og kontroller nettleser-plugins her… (se bilde_5.)Utfør Java-test…

Du kan også skrive “about:plugins” i Firefox sitt adressefelt og det vil liste alle installerte plugins. Se bilde_6.

Test også om de aller vanligste filtypene kan åpnes i Ubuntu.…

Videre, sjekk eksemplene i ditt hjemmeområdets /Examples… katalog.

Notice that the “root” account is by default disabled (locked) in Ubuntu Linux.
Use “sudo” instead when executing administrative commands and programs. Please read this guide… and this thread… on using sudo.

Essential Ubuntu 6.06 (Dapper Drake) guides

Reviews & screenshots


Download and Release info…

Important Starter Guide v6.06… Documentation… Quick Dapper HOWTO… Restricted multimedia formats…

Newbie’s HOWTO videos:Download and burn Ubuntu CD howto… + Update and install sw… + Partitioning hard drive and dual booting…

Desktop guide GNOME… Desktop guide KDE… Server guide… (Do you need paperback docs…?)

The flavors of Ubuntu

Ubuntu… GNOME desktop oriented. (screenshots) (free CD delivery)

KDE desktop oriented. (screenshots) (free CD delivery)Ubuntu-server… No GUI [ GNOME or KDE ] by default.
Just services and a complete LAMP..! stack for web and database development. Install LAMP-server…Edubuntu… Ubuntu educational desktop for school children. (screenshots) (free CD delivery)

XUbuntu… For an old, <= 800 Mhz machine.
Runs a beautiful and quick XFCE.. desktop. (screenshots) (apps…)

Ubuntu Christian Edition…. with Bible study programs.

Ubuntu Studio… is for musicians who wish to use Ubuntu as their Digital Audio Workstation.
Merely an addition to a standard Ubuntu installation.

This page… will tell you more about the choices.

Support, newsgroups & forums


Ubuntu Forums… Kubuntu Forums… Forum details… ||| Ask the NUNs…

Other guides and manuals

Generate /etc/apt/sources.list… (add package repositories (sources) to your /etc/apt/sources.list). Sample definition… 2…


Vital Documents.!. Top-10… How to install this & that… Apt-get and dpkg guide… + Debian’s apt guide…

Document storage… (Dapper…) Ubuntu Resources… Perfect server setup… Tips & Tricks… 10-tips… Chronicles… My U…

Kubuntu FAQ…

Improve performance… Faster… Sound fix_1… 2… Debugging sound problems… Wireless setup…

Baking own Ubuntu CD… Ubuntu on Laptops… Mac OS X lookalike… GNOME <-> KDE… [U vs. Win..]

LAMP + Mono stacks…

Hardinfo… (system information and benchmarking)

Additional software from:
Download the .deb files by clicking on the filename or use the wget command (in a terminal window).
Example: wget
Install the package: sudo dpkg -i mandvd_2.2-1_i386.deb

Finalization scripts (make a perfect desktop):

Finalization script installs browser plugins, addons and support for MP3, RealMedia and DVD.
It will also install p2p, Skype IP-phone etc. All that automatically.

Automatix… (Automatix…)
Install Automatix and look in the Applications -> System Tools… menu in GNOME and beneath System… menu in KDE.
Kubuntu users must install “zenity” before running the Automatix script. Start the Adept or Synaptic Package Manager and search for zenity.Other finalization scripts are EasyUbuntu… and Bumps…

3D boosted desktop with Xgl & Compiz

Define Xgl… Define Compiz…

Screenshots… Xgl video demos… Compare eyecandy… Xgl…

Collection of Xgl guides… Beryl project forum. Ubuntu packages… Quick guide.!..

This bleeding edge Automatix installer includes Xgl compiz.

Machine virtualization

Define XEN…

XEN virtual machine
XEN on Ubuntu 6.06… XEN… Images… Newsgroups & support…

VMware player… + VM builder… and VMware server… + this howto…

Upcoming Ubuntu version 6.10 (Edgy Eft)

Edgy’s release schedule…

Latest beta-release…

Automatix2… for Ubuntu 6.10 (beta)

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